While Wallace Nattyng was busy photographing relatively tame roads of New England, F. Jay Haynes (1853-1921) was as busy photographing much less tame zahodneamerykanskay border. With photographic car & # 39; eray, which began in the mid-1870s, the tradition of photography Hein passed on to his son, Jack Ellis Haynes, Which continues the business of family photos Hines until the 1950s. Both father and son are likely to have contributed to the popularization of the national park Elavston than anyone else, and the results of their work today are going more and more collectors.
Frank Jay Haynes, born in Saline, Michigan, began his photographic car & # 39; career around in 1874 in Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1876 he opened his own studio in Moorhead, Minnesota, and in 1879, when it became apparent that the Fargo, North Dakota becomes a major city, 26-year-old Haynes moved there his home studio. His early commissions for pictures were primarily portraits. This part of his business turned out to be an immediate success, and in the midst of his car early & # 39; sphere in his establishment Fargo were two staff members who were involved in the creation of portraits.
Until the 1870s on railroads usually worked skillful artists who painted or sketched spectacular views of the western countries to glamuravats landscape that invites the relevant rail route. Photo of the photographic process at that time was taking a picture of wet plates. it is usually associated with bulky camera negative negative glass plates and portable dark rooms, necessary for the development of negative negatives almost immediately after their first photographic exposure and difficulty of using this process in the harsh conditions of the western US.
Kar & # 39; EPA Heins took sur & # 39; major turnover at the end of the 1870s, when the railway North Pacific hired him to be their "Official photos"In addition to a good salary, Haynes was restored railway carriage the Pullman, which has become his personal roll of photographic studio His task was to carefully take a picture of the & # 39;. Railway facilities such as railway stations, bridges, rail yard, under the & # 39; bulk wagons and shares, as well as company Haynes also photographed a beautiful area, wherever there were railroad tracks … horses, wild animals, pop cars, military forts, shops, Indians, tepei, river boats and other. Northern Pacific ocean then used Hein photos in advertisements and brochures travel, hoping to attract more commercial and passenger business for the railroad.
When traveling on the railway business Haynes also promote their personal business photos. Recognizing the need for a professional photographer among the increasing number of immigrants moving to the west, Haynes will advertise in the local newspapers from the North Pacific Ocean, the car Haynes Palace Studios is located in the city on a certain day, and that his photo services will be available in the city that do not have a permanent professional photographer. This advanced notice allowed seven & # 39; pits go to town in the family car, dressed in his Sunday the world for the annual family photo. Businesses, merchants, and anyone who needs a photographic services can take advantage of its availability. Then Haynes will be engaged in the development and processing right there in his car rolling studio to give the private commissions and railway fees. Haynes traveled to Dakota, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Oregon and Washington in the northern Pacific and Elavston in 1882-1883 years, taking a large number of views, no matter where he went.
He went on to manage the automotive gallery rail cars Haynes studio 1885-1905. He moved into a studio in St. Paul, Minnesota in 1889 and traveled to the West and Alaska, having a reputation as one of the best photographers of the early West.
J.. Haynes also covered a variety of special events for your car & # 39; career. For example, in 1883, former President Chester A. Arthur, together with the party, which included Lieutenant General, military secretary and US senator, traveled on horse back, gastralyavavshy Fort. Washakie, Tetony and Yellowstone Park. With fresh horses, located every 20 miles, to provide the traveler a party to communicate with the outside world, F. Jay Haynes traveled with this party as an official photographer.
Because of their familiarity with the requirements to the photos needed for the promotion of the railway, in 1881, Canadian Pacific Railway was hired by the Canadian railway railway as the first official photographer. Working in Canadian Pacific, Haynes used stereakameru and sold stereakartki that stunning track Pacific Canada, and awarded a free rail ticket to unlimited use in honor of his services.
But the best part of life Yeynstonskaga Park captured most of Hein life. Haynes Work in Yellowstone began in the early 1880s, and in 1884 he became the first official photographer Elavstona. Elavston was the first national park, established by the federal government, and F. Jay Haynes received the first federal license to operate the concession fotakamernay garatstve in Yellowstone Mammoth. Haynes opened a studio The Log Cabin, which for many years served as Elavston selling photographs by tourists.
The photo was not the only business of an enterprise Haynes in Yellowstone. North Pacific Ocean used a photo Hain, to attract tourists to visit Elavston and western United States, but as soon as they arrived, someone was supposed to take them to the train station to their homes and across Yeloustoun park. Re-enter the F Jay Haynes. Later, his short transport company "National Park Elavston" has been replaced by step "Monida" and "Elavston", which became the main carrier of passengers coming through the western park in West Park. At the peak in the scenic line Haynes had 18 coaches and excursions, and he was responsible for the transportation of nearly 40% of all annual visitors to Yellowstone. However, in 1916, control of the newly established national park was handed over to the National Park Service, which annulled the contract for the carriage of Haynes and replace it with an automated transport company under their direct control.
Partly due to the closure of the transport business, and partly because of his age, Haynes resigned in 1916, transferring control over the photographic business to his son … Jack Ellis Haynes. F. Jay Haynes died in 1921.
Although Jack Ellis Haynes continued to sell colored photographs taken from negatives parents, most of his work consisted of products manufactured counterfeit, products the parents, including cards, travel brochures, travel books, etc. Yellowstone Pictures of Jack Ellis Hein usually are not as collectible as parents. Jack led the family business until 1950. He hoped that his daughter will be the third generation, which will deal with family business in Yellowstone Park, but his only child, Lida Haynes, died in a car accident in 1952 at age 20. In 1964, Jack Ellis Haynes died.
On the & # 39; the amount of work Haynes was huge. In addition to the 2400 stereaglyadav, Haynes has trained thousands of cabinet cards, thousands of individual and family portraits, and tens of thousands of hand-colored photographs. To date, the Montana Historical Society is home to more than 24,000 glass and film negatives from the collection of Hein. This includes photos Hein from Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho, Alaska, many of his pictures of the railway in the North Pacific Railroad, and of course, its image in Yeloustoun park.
What types memarabily Haina going today? Probably much more than you might think.
View of the Yellowstone ParkProbably, a collection of Holy Grail F. Jay Haynes – a portfolio presentations Yellowstone early paintings with the title "View of the Yellowstone Park"Vileyn Henry (1844-1922), a nephew of Joseph please send (founder and owner of the brewery in Milwaukee Schlitz), instructed Haynes to make a series of 12 pictures painted in Yellowstone stones, which were then connected to a high-quality leather book and passed we just personally saw one of these complete books and collectors Hain they are extremely rare and desirable.
Photos and stereakardy: Armchair Haynes cards, de visits maps, portraits and stereo-cards are very sought after by collectors of photos. The subject and the condition is usually defined value.
Hand colored photographsHanes Collectors in pink is very sought after by collectors the early 20th century. Hand-colored photograph. Pretty much the only hand-colored kinds Haynes, you will find the park Elavston, and typically include Staravernyya, other geysers, animals, Great Falls, Lower Falls and other magnificent views of the entire park. These pictures were painted hands in oil Haynes studio and usually sold to visitors and tourists to Yellowstone, some of which are much rarer than others.
The most desirable from the & # 39 album are early prints Haynes albums, which often does not subscribe or not specified. Those earlier colored pictures issued by F. Jay Haynes, tend to be more desirable than the more recent figures issued by his son.
Most often, the picture Haynes were impressed "Haynes"Name, not a pencil or pen. Usually"Haynes, Yellowstone Park"Or"Haynes Studio, St Paul"There will be amazed by the small letters or in the figure, or in matyrovtsy. Usually sold no more than 30+ commercial Yellowstone names called, but they produced a variety of sizes (2,5×5" up to 24×36 ") and a number of different formats (matte and framed close ; rectangular and round frames, etc.) around the frame and the large size is quite unusual..
books: Although it is not the author of the F-Zhya Hein wrote several books, including "Following abroad"(Freeman Tylden) and"F. Jay Haynes, photographer"(Montana Historical Society). Each of these books contains significant biographical information Haynes and reproductions of many of his photographs.
A trip to Yellowstone ParkGuide Hein published and updated almost every year between 1890-1966. They are widely regarded as the best guides to Yellowstone print and retain facts and trivia about the park Elavston along with, of course, many pictures of Haynes Yellowstone. Most guides Hein had to later years Jack Ellis Hein.
Machine-productsAs time and technology hand-colored drawings Haynes were replaced by less expensive car color prints. These prints were sold individually or in packaged portfolios. Machines that are produced in the machines, were made from the later years of Jack Ellis Hein and not as collectible as colored pictures Haynes.
Cards, postcards, folders fotapakety: Photos Heins Yellowstone widely sold through a variety of individual cards, folders, postcards and souvenir photos of smaller packets. They sold like Haynes, and through other suppliers Yellowstone. Most were from the later years, Jack Ellis Hein.
Souvenir booklets ElavstonOver the years, the studio Haynes or betrayed their own albums for gifts or some of these images with the Yellowstone Haynes & # 39 appeared in photo albums and booklets issued by others. We saw at least six of these albums, and, most likely, there are many others. Most of them were from the later years, Jack Ellis Hein.
Various memorials YellowstoneWe also saw other things that are not from the & # 39 are Hain, sold under the name "Haynes". For example, we have seen "Old Faithful"Vytravlenne that both had the name of the original artist"Haynes"Name. We have seen the print R Atkinson Fox Yellowstone, which is applied as a"fox"The name on the press and"Haynes"The name struck matyrovku. We have seen government publications Yellowstone University, is a photograph of Haines. And we even saw a pane of glass in the form of design, developed to attract the sunlight through the" Old Faithful ".
Thus, the next time you hear the name "F. Jay Haynes"Yellowstone Park West and the United States should immediately come to mind.